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τίς or τίνα?

Improve your ability to quickly and easily distinguish between τίς and τίνα with pictures.

It is recommended you complete What is this? before this lesson.

This lesson has two parts. First we will demonstrate how to take a simple example sentence and turn it into a simple question. Then we will use a practice quiz to practice reading these patterns.

Notice that the question word usually appears at the start of a sentence or clause.

If the subject of a sentence is grammatically masculine or feminine, and the grammatical gender is known, the normal question word is τίς:

If the object of a sentence is grammatically masculine or feminine, the normal question word is τίνα:

If the subject or object of a question is grammatically neuter, the normal question word for the subject or object is τί.

If the grammatical gender is known by the person asking the question, careful choice between τίς (Masculine/Feminine) and τί (Neuter) is seen in the New Testament.

If the grammatical gender is not known by the person asking the question, the neuter form of the question word may be used. For example, imagine a child seeing something they have never seen before, and the child asks “What is this?” The child does not know the gender and will ask “τί ἐστιν τοῦτο”.

Practice reading this set of example questions to internalise the correct role of τίς and τίνα.